(Note, im switching up my topic a little from early crimes in America to immigration, crime and incarceration in the early 20th century America)
1. They are arguing that the government commissions on immagration and crime in the early 20th century were based on aggression bias and the absent representation of population data, which lead to present partial and sometimes misleading views on immigrant criminality comparison. Overall, the authors of this scholarly article/journal are trying to argue that the incarceration rate of immigrants was not represented correctly due to population data and aggression bias.
2. Evidence that the article uses to support its data are tables showing major offenses and minor offenses comparing these to age and the population out of 100,000. The article is also using statistics which they found through other scholarly articles to support their arguments. The article/journal also added a footnote at the end of their paper to show where they got each statistic from. The article also separated out each part of the paper to show how each part supports their argument.
3.I overall agree with these claims. I feel that native immigrants in the twentieth century were miss-represented when it came to incarceration rates because of how many people were coming over to America during that time and how there was aggression bias. I would build off these claims by finding different documentation from the 20th century showing native-immigrant incarceration rates, find articles/stories from the 20th century showing aggression bias and even though representation of population data was not represented correctly, I will try to find censuses of the 20th century to see what they thought the amount of native immigrants to incarceration rates were and compare it to what the article thinks native immigrants to incarceration rates are. Some further research I want to do regarding this topic is to try to find what crimes (among native immigrants compared to US citizens) were committed and which crimes were committed more frequently than others. I also want to find data about sentencing and how long/short sentences for these crimes were for native immigrants. I also want to do research on if crime rates drastically increased due to this aggression bias when native immigrants originally started coming by storm to the US.
—. IMMIGRATION, CRIME, AND INCARCERATION IN EARLY TWENTIETH-CENTURY AMERICA*. no. 4, Nov. 2009, https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1353/dem.0.0076 .
Moehling, C., & Piehl, A. M. (2009). Immigration, crime, and incarceration in early TWENTIETH-CENTURY AMERICA. Demography, 46(4), 739–763. https://doi.org/10.1353/dem.0.0076
Moehling, Carolyn, and Anne Morrison Piehl. “Erratum to: Immigration, Crime, and Incarceration in Early Twentieth-Century America.” Demography, vol. 48, no. 2, 2011, pp. 813–14.
Moehling, C., & Piehl, A. M. (2011). Erratum to: Immigration, crime, and incarceration in early TWENTIETH-CENTURY AMERICA. Demography, 48(2), 813–814. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13524-011-0038-z